Issue #2
Beyond Blocks
Bridging the gap between blockchain and healthcare.
Crypto news
What p2p markets are better decentralized?
Kyle Samani, co-founder of Multicoin Capital theorizes that the unique benefits of blockchains, in no particular order, are...
  1. Near-0 transaction fees
  2. Ability to collect revenue without setting just a legal entity
  3. (Psuedo)anonymity
  4. Regulatory arbitrage
  5. Permissionless
  6. Trust minimized
  7. Censorship resistant
  8. Allows competing front ends that read/write from the same back end
  9. Eliminating all fraud around asset ownership
  10. Embedding logic in assets themselves

Taking this framework, he identifies some markets that benefit from these benefits. A thought provoking piece.

All about Stablecoins a16z podcast
Stablecoins are cryptocurrencies where 1 coin = $1. They let you build applications ontop of a blockchain, but without the volatility. This is a wideranging discussion from a16z diving into Maker, a stablecoin which has emerged as one of the most important blockchain projects, as well as the nuances of smart contract development and more.

Stablecoins proliferated in 2018 and given how poorly tokens have performed relative to their hype, I suspect stablecoins will be a bigger part of our conversations in healthcare in 2019.

A data driven look at dApp adoption in 2018
A humbling look at dApp adoption today. The top dApps today are almost all financial services, though CryptoKitties (a game) and Aragon (decentralized organisations), are worth a mention. More data on dApps can be gleamed here.

The only healthcare dApp I'm aware of is OpenCare by the MedX, and they aren't even on the radar here. If you know of any other dApps that are *deployed today* then please let me know. 

Constantinople enables new Reentrancy Attack – ChainSecurity – Medium
Ethereum was set to upgrade this past week and at the 11th hour a vulnerability was discovered. This wasn't a critical vulnerability, and in fact there was no evidence anything on the chain would be affected, but with an "abundance of caution" the upgrade was set back a week.

What to Expect When ETH’s Expecting
A great (fairly technical) overview of ETH2.0 from one of the founders of Storj. My take away from diving into this topic over the past few weeks is that there are tradeoffs inherent in every scaling solution and each add their own unique levels of complexity. As an example, it will be much more difficult for smart contracts to interact each other on a sharded blockchain, and I'm not sure that is widely understood yet. When it is I expect the community to be split over this topic and other tradeoffs. Scaling will definitely be a bumpy ride.
Blockchain in healthcare updates
Reflections on 2018 – Hashed Health – Medium
John Bass, CEO and Founder of Hashed Health, lays out his 15 top stories for blockchain in healthcare in 2018. I won't list all 15 here, but this is a must read this week.

John is leader of the industry and was one of the first people in the space, so his perspective on how far we've come and where we're going is unique and valuable.

Chronicled raises $16m Series A round to build blockchain pharma solutions
This one caught me offguard. Chronicled raised $16m of venture capital money (not an ICO!) to expand their pharmaceutical industry network. Presumably this means MediLedger, an "industry owned permissioned blockchain network." 

What stands out to me here is:
  1. MediLedger was able to raise a serious amount of money from institutional investors. 
  2. Their business model is a sort of platform-as-a-service, where you pay for each use of the network. 
  3. They are using zero-knowledge proofs, a mind bending technology which has got a lot of people (including me) incredibly excited 
Overall this is a really exciting development for the space, and definitely is a project to watch in the future.

How Blockchain Could Disrupt Insurance
CBSInsights' applications of blockchain within insurance:
  • Fraud detection & risk prevention
  • Property & casualty (P&C) insurance
  • Health insurance
  • Reinsurance
I was a bit surprised the health insurance section talked almost exclusively about patient records. While that's certainly exciting for insurance, I think there is a lot of meaningful work to be done without upgrades to electronic health records. I'd like to see more insurance projects leveraging DAOs, smart contracts, and stablecoins.  

The driving force of blockchain's value? HIMSS Director of Informatics Mari Greenberger says connectivity
A standout quote from Greenberger: "I believe the most important application of blockchain will center around how this technology can enable new business relationships and foster new kinds of consortia."

Worth a read to gleam the HIMSS Blockchain in Healthcare Task Force's future plans and Greenberger's thoughts on how blockchain is forcing stakeholders to rethink how they build relationships.

SAP’s launches new blockchain bases supply chain product
SAP announced the opening of their blockchain product to help customers comply with the U.S. Drug Supply Chain Security Act (DSCSA) and weed out counterfeits.

The devil is in the detail here and I'm interested in what they are actually doing with a blockchain and what architecture they are using. Regardless, it seems that the supply chain space is heating up.

We need to talk about security
Given the recent attacks on public blockchains, I think we need to take a step back. Blockchains work because of a system of incentives, and when those break down so do the benefits of blockchains. We can't take those benefits for granted.

At scale there will be huge incentives to attack chains, both public and private, so we need to talk about security today. 
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Robert Miller · Queens Street · Long Island City NY 11101 · USA
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